All Glories to Sri Sri Guru Gauranga Gandharvika
The Advent of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
March 25, 2005
This is a summary of the thirteenth
chapter of Sri Chaitanya-charitamrta describing Lord Chaitanya
Mahaprabhu's appearance. Taking certain parts of this chapter,
Mahaprabhu's appearance has been narrated for the pleasure of
the devotees around the world. Please forgive me if I make some
offence in trying to write this. Dandavats!
-Vaidehi devi dasi
"The entire Adi-lila section
describes Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu's household life, and similarly
the Antya-lila, the first six chapters of His sannyasa life are
called Madhya-lila. During this time, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu toured
southern India, went to Vrindavan, returned from Vrindavan and
preached the sankirtan movement. A learned brahmana named Upendra
Misra who resided in the district of Srihatta was the father of
Jagannath Misra, who came to Nabadwip to study under the direction
of Nilambara Chakravarti and then settled there after marrying
Nilambara Chakravarti's daughter, Sachidevi. Sri Sachidevi gave
birth to eight children, all daughters, who died one after another
immediately after birth. After her ninth pregnancy, she gave birth
to a son, who was named Visvarupa. Then, in 1407 Saka Era on the
full-moon evening of the month of Phalguna, during the constellation
of simhalagna, Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu appeared as the son of
Sri Sachidevi and Jagannath Misra. After hearing of the birth
of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, learned scholars and brahmanas, bringing
many gifts, came to see the newly born baby. Nilambara Chakravarti,
who was a great astrologer, immediately prepared a horoscope,
and by astrological calculation he saw that the child was a great
personality. This chapter describes the symptoms of this great
Krishnadasa Kaviraja Goswami who is the author of the Chaitanya-charitamrta
was a very old devotee and was going blind. Because Chaitanya
Mahaprabhu gave him the service of writing His Pastimes, Kaviraj
Goswami, although he could barely see, narrated Chaitanya Lila
for the spiritual advancement of the fallen souls. He begins by
describing that the Pastimes of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu are
unlimited. He mentions that just to describe one day of Lord Chaitanya's
Pastimes would take about twelve years. He says, "How much can
a small living entity elaborate about those transcendental pastimes?"
(Adi-lila vl 3 ch13 text 45).
Krishnadasa Kaviraj Goswami first explains the Pastimes of the
Lord in code, summary, and then describes everything in detail.
He tells about the different offerings devotees brought when the
Lord appeared. He explains that many demigods came down to earth
just to get a glimpse of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Before Chaitanya
Mahaprabhu was born, Advaita Acharya prayed that the Lord would
descend and destroy the nescience of the material world.
"Before the appearance of
Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, all the devotees of Nabadwip used to
gather in the house of Advaita Acharya. In these meetings of the
Vaisnavas, Advaita Acharya used to recite the Bhagavad-gita and
Srimad-Bhagavatam, decrying the paths of philosophical speculation
and fruitive activity and establishing the superexcellence of
devotional service.... All the Vaisnavas took pleasure in always
talking of Krishna, always worshipping Krishna and always chanting
the Hare Krishna Maha-mantra. Sri Advaita Acharya Prabhu felt
pained to see all the people without Krishna consciousness simply
merging in material sense enjoyment. Seeing the condition of the
world, he began to think seriously of how all these people could
be delivered from the clutches of maya.... By loud cries He invited
Krishna to appear, and this repeated invitation attracted Lord
Krishna to descend.
It was a full moon evening in the year 1407 of the Saka Era in
the month of Phalguna (March-April) that at last, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
appeared: "When the spotless moon of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu became
visible, what would be the need for a full moon full of black
marks on its body? Considering this, Rahu, the black planet, covered
the full moon, and immediately vibrations of "Krishna! Krishna!
Hari!" inundated the three worlds. All people thus chanted the
Hare Krishna Maha-mantra during the lunar eclipse, and their minds
were struck with wonder. When the whole world was thus chanting
the Holy Name of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krishna in
the form of Gaurahari advented Himself on the earth. The whole
world was pleased. While the Hindus chanted the Holy Name of the
Lord, the non-Hindus, especially the Mohammedans, jokingly imitated
the words. In this atmosphere, all the ten directions became jubilant,
as did the waves of the rivers."
It is mentioned that a lunar eclipse was considered very inauspicious
so in order to counteract the inauspiciousness everybody was chanting
"Hari! Hari!" bathing in the Ganges and presenting offerings without
knowing that the Lord would appear. The Name if Hari was known
to be auspicious and holy by everyone that chanted it. Even the
Muslims chanted the name to prevent inauspiciousness. In this
way, it is said that Mahaprabhu induced the world to chant the
Holy Name even before He appeared.
"Moreover, all beings, moving and nonmoving, were overwhelmed
with transcendental bliss. Thus by His causeless mercy the full
moon, Gaurahari, rose in the district of Nadia, which is compared
to Udayagiri, where the sun first becomes visible. His rising
in the sky dissipated the darkness of sinful life, thus the three
worlds became joyful and chanted the Holy Name of the Lord."
Immediately after Lord Chaitanya
Mahaprabhu's birth, Sri Advaita Acharya Prabhu and Haridasa Thakur
danced and loudly chanted Hare Krishna along the banks of the
Ganga. The villagers, watching this ecstatic dancing could not
understand what was happening. Sri Advaita Acharya Prabhu and
Haridasa continued their jubilant play and bathed in the Ganges.
Taking advantage of the lunar eclipse, Advaita Acharya distributed
various types of charity to the brahmanas.
"When he saw that the whole world was jubilant, Haridasa Thakur,
his mind astonished, directly and indirectly expressed himself
to Advaita Acharya: "Your dancing and distributing charity are
very pleasing to me. I can understand that there is some special
purpose in these actions." In this way all the devotees, wherever
they were situated, in every city and every country, danced and
performed sankirtan, and gave charity by mental strength on the
plea of the lunar eclipse, their minds overwhelmed with joy."
When the Lord appeared beneath a neem tree in the home of Jagannath
Misra, many brahmanas, gentlemen, and ladies carried large plates
with gifts to present to the Golden Lord.
"Dressing themselves as the wives of brahmanas, all the celestial
ladies, including the wives of Lord Brahma, Lord Siva, Lord Nrisimhadeva,
King Indra and Vaisistha Rsi, and Rambha, a dancing girl of heaven,
came there with varieties of gifts." Krishnadasa Kaviraja Goswami
further explains in more detail the events, and special offerings
that were offered to the Lord. In describing the nature of Jagannath
Misra he says, "Jagannath Misra was an ideal Vaisnava. He was
peaceful, restrained in sense gratification, pure and controlled....
Whatever money came because of the influence of his transcendental
son, he gave it in charity to the brahmanas for the satisfaction
"In this way Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, out of His causeless mercy,
made his advent in the house of Sachidevi. Lord Chaitanya is very
merciful to anyone who hears this narration of His birth, and
thus such a person attains the lotus feet of the Lord."