All glories to Sri Guru and Sri Gauranga
Appearance Day of Srila Jiva Goswami
a talk by Srila Bhakti Sundar Govinda Dev-Goswami Maharaj
at the Sri Chaitanya Saraswat Seva Ashram, Soquel, California
September 25, 2004
Basic transcript by Amiya Kanti Devi Dasi, checked by Sripad
B.P. Tirtha Maharaj and Mahananda Das B.R.
Today is a very auspicious day. It is the Appearance Day of Srila
Jiva Goswami Prabhu, who is the protector of our Sampradaya
and a great Acharyya. Srila Guru Maharaj said, Jivadyair abhiraksitam,
our whole Sampradaya with so much wealth came from Jiva
Goswami Prabhu. Rupa-Sanatan gave so much and Jiva Goswami Prabhu
protected them from the other schools of religion like Sankaracharyya
and (the atheist) Kapila's sankhya philosophy. They wanted
to establish nirakara, nirvisesa, brahma
(impersonalism, non-variagatedness), but Jiva Goswami Prabhu very
authentically and wisely defeated them. He established achintya
bhedabheda siddhanta of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.
He was born in Bakla Chandradwip as a son of Anupama. Anupama
was the brother of Rupa-Sanatan. After he was maybe twelve years
old, Jiva Goswami came to Nabadwip and met with Nityananda Prabhu,
and Nityananda Prabhu showed him everything, all the Pastime places
of Mahaprabhu Chaitanyadev. Vishnupriya Devi took him as a son
and gave him so much affectionate nourishment. Nityananda Prabhu
took Jiva Goswami around the whole of Nabadwip Dham and ordered
him: "Mahaprabhu Chaitanyadev has given Vrindavan Dham to
you all, then you go to Vrindavan. I am giving my mercy, my blessings,
affection, love, everything to you. You establish Mahaprabhu's
Jiva Goswami went, and on the way he received some education in Benares,
Kasi. He became highly educated in all the Scriptures: Veda,
Vedanta, Upanishads, Purana, nyaya. Within five years he learned
and finished his education because he knew if he went to Rupa-Sanatan,
only service would be waiting for him. He received education so
he could do that service more expertly, beautifully and authentically.
Then from Benares he went to Rupa-Sanatan in Vrindavan, took shelter
and stayed with Rupa Goswami Prabhu. He took diksa mantram
from Rupa Goswami and was always serving Rupa Goswami. All the
Vaisnavas, all of the Goswamis especially Rupa-Sanatan,
Bhatta Raghunath, Gopal Bhatta, Das Goswami everyone gave
him much nourishment and affection. Jiva Goswami also served the
whole Sampradaya by staying in Vrindavan. By the order
of Rupa Goswami, he manifested and established the Radha Damodar
Temple, and when Rupa Goswami Prabhu became aged, he took Rupa
Goswami to stay there at the Radha Damodar Temple. There in the
Radha Damodar Temple we can see the bhajan kutir of Rupa
Goswami and the samadhi of Rupa Goswami, and the samadhi
of Krishna Das Kaviraj Goswami, the samadhi of Jiva Goswami
Radha Damodar wanted to give me some service but I had not
taken it because
I had no manpower who will serve with their heart and full
kind of person is very rare to get. Only instead of money, as
transaction, I could not take that, but Rupa Goswami is so merciful and
Srila Jiva Goswami is so merciful, they gave one piece of
Rupa Goswami. That land is also Radha Damodar's land. And
but legally I got that land through my dead telephone! The
not ring, but I picked up the receiver to see if it was still dead and
suddenly one person from Vrindavan, Krishna Vallabha, is talking on the
line and telling me, "Maharaj, fifteen days are given by the order
of the Magistrate, that if you take this land within fifteen days you
will get that land of Jiva Goswami Prabhu."
I was surprised! But within fifteen days where shall I get so
Within fifteen days who will deal with the legal documents? And Krishna
Vallabha said, "You don't worry for money. Money I shall arrange
but you send your person." I sent Purnananda and I told
him to legally
transfer it in the name of Sri Chaitanya Saraswat Math. Jiva Goswami is
very merciful and Rupa Goswami is very merciful to have given
I immediately started service there. Now there is a three
and a very beautiful temple of Sri Sri Guru Gauranga Radha
Srila Guru Maharaja's pushpa samadhi is inside the temple. You
will see when you go.
Goswami Prabhu's character was very strong, and he was very
in Sanskrit and Scripture. Sometimes he even corrected the writings of
Rupa Goswami. Rupa Goswami told him many times, "Jiva, you see if
it is perfect or not."
Jiva Goswami helped to make the Sat-Sandharbas, super-authentic
Scripture in Mahaprabhu's Sampradaya. Jiva Goswami said,
"It was in a disordered form, so I am making it in an ordered
form." That way he gave explanation, but actually he made
Once it happened that Vallabha Bhatta, who was very learned, saw
there was a little fault in one sloka of Rupa Goswami,
and he told Rupa Goswami, "Rupa, here is a little fault,
you can correct it this way." Rupa Goswami was always giving
honour to everyone, and he gave honour to Vallabha Bhatta and
corrected that. But Jiva Goswami knew that what Rupa Goswami wrote
was correct. Then he went to take water from the Jamuna, and there
he met Vallabha Bhatta. He told him, "The sloka you
tried to correct is already correct, I think."
Then Vallabha Bhatta debated with Jiva Goswami about that sloka
and he was very happy to see what Jiva Goswami said was perfect.
Then he came back to Rupa Goswami and said, "Rupa, I said
to correct that sloka, but it was not necessary to corrected
it. It was perfect. You can keep it." Then he asked, "Who
is that young boy, that seventeen or eighteen year-old boy?"
Goswami said, "He is my nephew and he is staying with me. He is my
Vallabha Bhatta said, "Oh, he is highly educated and a very
big pandit. He defeated me about this."
Goswami Prabhu was a little angry with Jiva Goswami: "He is your
Guru. Why you went to correct him? This type of mentality cannot stay
with me. You get out from my kunja. Go back to your
Bakla Chandradwip. Go back."
Goswami Prabhu was very sad. He thought, "What shall I do with my
life if I cannot serve my Guru Maharaj?"
maybe Vamsivata, under a tree, Jiva Goswami Prabhu was
writing one book,
Sri Gopal-champu. Sri Gopal was his good friend, and Sri Gopal
was addicted with sakhya-rasa in Krishna-lila.
had said, "I shall keep within our form your sakhya-rasa,
and I shall write one book for you, for your happiness."
remembered that and he wrote Gopal-champu.
the meantime, Sanatan Goswami met with Jiva Goswami and saw that he was
doing praya-upavesam, not taking even water, and
wanting to leave
his body. Sanatan Goswami went to Rupa Goswami and asked, "Rupa,
what are Mahaprabhu's teachings, can you say?"
Goswami said, "Yes: Jive-doya Name-ruchi
to the Vaisnavas, and jive-doya means being kind to
souls and giving them Krishna consciousness, and
take the Holy Name, take Hari Nama always. That is service.
teaching is this."
Sanatan Goswami said, "You told jive-doya but
Jiva is leaving
his body. It is not good what you have done. Do not throw Jiva out. He
is a good boy."
Then Rupa Goswami went to Jiva Goswami and said, "Jiva, you
come back." He gave full service to him, not only full service
but service charge everything. That Jiva Goswami's avirbhava
is today. Mayavad, sankhyavad, buddhavad,
whatever 'vad' was there, all he defeated, and he established
achintya bhedabheda tattva through the Sat-sandarbha.
books Jiva Goswami composed. One very beautiful book, I like that book
very much, is Hari-namamrita-vyakaran, the grammar of Sanskrit.
And that Sanskrit grammar is unique, we cannot conceive that
of every word indicates Krishna. Grammar is grammar, but he
in Krishna consciousness. It is inconceivable. But every Name is inside
the grammar, every matter, all is built by Krishna
consciousness. I read
that grammar, and I was very happy. I felt my life is successful, and
that happened also. I do not actually know Sanskrit but by the grace of
Jiva Goswami and the mercy of Guru Maharaj, I am famous in
actually I am not so qualified. More qualification is
necessary to understand.
But Guru Maharaj gave the vital point to me and I can relish
Maharaj engaged Dr. Dolgobinda Sastri as my teacher. He is a very good
teacher. He is still alive in Cuttak, Orissa, India. Anyhow, that Jiva
Goswami Prabhu's Appearance Day is today. That means all the light, all
the strength, all the beauty and all the beautiful conception
consciousness has come through Jiva Goswami Prabhu to us. That is our
wealth. The wealth of life, the wealth of the spiritual world
Jiva Goswami Prabhu gave, no one else has given that. For
Vidyabushan went to defeat the acharya of the Sri Sampradaya, and under
that is also the Ramanandi section. They challenged Baladeva
"You have no Vedanta-bhasya." In response,
did not compose Vedanta-bhasya and Jiva Goswami did not compose
Vedanta-bhasya as such. Bhasya means
However it was given by Jiva Goswami through Sat-sandarbha made
up of the Tattva-sandarbha, Bhakti-sandarbha,
Paramatma-sandarbha, Bhagavat-sandarbha, and
After reading those Sat-sandarbhas Baladeva Vidyabhusan made the
pranam mantra for Jiva Goswami there at the start of
vibartta-garttena cha luptadidhitim
staddham vyabhadhak-sudhaya mahesvaram
krsnam sa jivah prabhurastu me gatim
is the super-protector of our Sampradaya from other
then I bow down to his lotus feet." This way he wrote.
Krishna, who is Paramesvara sat-chid-ananda vigraha,
who is anadi,
who is anadi adir whose name is Govinda, who is the cause of all
causes. What was written in Brahma Samhita was established in
by Jiva Goswami Prabhu.
is also Vamandeva's aviribhava also. You know
Vamandeva? He appeared
to teach Bali Maharaja. Bali Maharaja started a big fire sacrifice and
there were so many big personalities. If he was successful
then he could
defeat everyone and permanently conquer the heavens and other places.
For that, by the order of Sukracharyya, Bali Maharaja started to make
that big fire sacrifice. But at that time all the demigods
were very much
afraid. They went to Lord Krishna, and Krishna took the form
Aditinandan. His name is Aditinandan. He went that day to
disciple, Bali Maharaja, who was making a big fire
went there in the form of a brahmin beggar with a short figure. Seeing
that, Bali Maharaj said, "I have promised that in this period, if
anyone wants anything from me, I will give it to him. Then you tell me,
brahmin boy, what you want." Sukracharyya is a highly
and he understood that the brahmin boy was Vishnu and not a
and that He wants to take everything from Bali Raja. Then he told Bali
Raja, "This boy is not a brahmin boy. He is really Vishnu coming
to you to pray for something. But if you give that, you will
Bali Maharaja said, "I promised that in this period, whoever will
ask for anything, I will give it to him." Then he said, "Oh
brahmin, tell me what you want." And Vamana said,
"I want land
three steps of land by my feet."
I promise I shall give you." He took the kamandalu water pot, and
wanted to say the sankalpa mantram (a vedic formality
). At that time Sukracharyya was very disturbed and went inside of the
kamandalu's spout and choked it by staying there. He put his head there
so water could not fall.
replied, "Nothing happened, I am making it clear."
Then he took
a kusa grass and pushed it down the spout, and one eye
was poked out. Then Sukracharyya came out and left. The water fell for
the sankalpa and he gave it to Vamanadeva.
then said, "Now I can put my feet on the land. Which land will you
on this earth or not, anywhere you can take."
"I want swarga, martya, patala," the heavens, material
worlds, and the underground worlds, patala. When Bali Maharaja
gave his steps, he conquered with his first step swarga-loka,
and with his next step martyaloka. Bali Maharaja then asked,
"Where is your other step?" Nothing was in the hand
of Bali Maharaj because swarga and martya were taken.
Then he gave patala-loka. When Vamandeva took swarga-martya-patala,
then Vamandeva asked him, "Give daksina!"
Bali Maharaja responded, "What daksina I will give? I
have nothing. Swarga-martiya-patala already I have given
Vamandeva said, "You bow down, and I'll put my foot on
He gave blessings to Bali Maharaja and told him, "I am very happy
with you. You go to patala-loka and stay there. Do not to stay
here in swarga-loka. I have selected patala-loka for you.
Go and stay there."
Bali Maharaja said, "Okay, as your order, I shall
said, "I am very happy with you. You take some boon from me."
And Bali Maharaja said, "If You are satisfied and very happy with
me, then You stay as my doorkeeper in that place, in patala, the
abode you selected for me. Then forever You will be
That Vamandeva's avirbhava (appearance) is today, Vaman dvadasi.
Every time this is a very critical type of dvadasi because
sometimes Vishnu-srinkala-yoga is happening, and at that
time Ekadasi is going down and Vishnu-srinkala is
getting that dvadasi day. Anyhow yesterday was Vishnu-srinkala,
and today is Vaman dvadasi, so we have both: Vishnu-srinkala-dvadasi
and Jiva Goswami's Appearance Day. All these auspicious things
Jay Om Visnupad Srila Bhakti Raksak Sridhar Dev-Goswami Maharaj